The electrical switchboard is a metallic or non-metallic cabinet where the equipment is installed and the electrical connection is made by the conductors.
An electrical switchboard as a set in which one or more disconnect devices with control, measurement, protection, regulator, etc. equipment are in place to provide the necessary communication between them and other equipment outside the switchgear.
In general, there is a need for an electrical switchboard wherever electrical energy utilization is involved in the production, transmission, distribution and conversion of electrical energy and control of consumer electrical equipment.
The electrical switchboard can be divided into various aspects, the most important of which are based on the voltage rating of the equipment and switchboard.